Open city or the right to the city?
Neil Brenner, “Open city or the right to the city?,” TOPOS: The International Review of Landscape Architecture and Urban Design, 85, 2013, 42-45.
Henri Lefebvre once postulated “the right to the city”, which was a radical demand for a democratization of control over the collective means of producing urban space. But designed open spaces like the High Line Park in New York obey the rules of neoliberalizing capitalism and result in gentrification, displacement and exclusion. Designers should reflect critically on their possible roles in contributing to a democratic redesign of the city.