THE COMMODITY SUPER-CYCLE IN LATIN AMERICA
Martín Arboleda, “Spaces of Extraction, Metropolitan Explosions: Planetary Urbanization and the Commodity Boom in Latin America,” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, published online ahead of print: DOI: 10.1111/1468-2427.12290
Through an exploration of the political economy of the most recent commodity boom in Latin America, and on the basis of recent appropriations of Henri Lefebvre’s notion of planetary urbanization, this paper proposes viewing spaces of resource extraction resulting from an escalating international demand for raw materials, as particular morphological expressions of market-driven processes of urbanization. Furthermore, and drawing from Lefebvre, the paper argues that such burgeoning spaces of urbanization are the result of a contradictory tension between spatial homogenization –in the form of multiscalar governance frameworks and infrastructural programs-, and territorial fragmentation –in the form of fixed capital allocations and state-led spatial segregation-. When considered jointly, those contradictory movements allow grasping in full extent the problematic explosion of spaces that according to Lefebvre, characterizes capitalist urbanization. The paper concludes by reflecting on the emancipatory promise that underlies the planetary extension of the urban form, because with the projection of material infrastructures required for resource extraction –especially information technologies- across the rural realm, local communities have been able to shed their isolated state and emerge as fully-fledged political actors.